The hull of a wrecked boat drifts near Palawan's shore.  Most boats were overloaded and undersupplied, and the potential for wrecks was great during the long journey.  Boat people were under constant threat of attack by pirates, who usually robbed, raped and killed boat people and then crashed their boats to destroy the evidence.  The total number of deaths for Vietnamese boat people from 1975 to 1995 has been estimated at more than half a million.
- Palawan, The Philippines, 2004